Saturday, October 22, 2011

Palm oil products

Palm oil products are growing significantly, both in terms of needs and types. In connection with the increasing needs of domestic consumption Indonesia, the Indonesian government has tried to increase its production through the development programs of the private and the public, in addition to continue to promote the growth of downstream industries.
There are some cooking oil feedstock produced in Indonesia, among others, derived from coconut oil (CO), crude palm oil (CPO) and from Palm Kernel Oil (PKO)
CPO is obtained from its fruit fibers which is processed until soft and then squeezed. The results of this extraction can be used as base material for frying oil, margarine, etc.
In that processing, palm nuts are not broken and will be processed further to produce PKO. Because the oil produced from the kernel is very little compared to the CPO, the nuts are directly exported without further processing stages.
The oil can be traded in different forms, depending on the stage of its processing technology. Related to the edible oil industry, there are six types of its products are traded, namely palm oil (PO), pre-treated PO (PTPO), refine bleach & deodorize PO (RBDPO), refine bleach deodorize palm kernel oil (RBDPKO), pre-treated olein (PTO) or known as olein and refined crude olein.
CPO is the raw material for fatty acid, refine stearine (RS), and refine olein. The main market of refine stearine and fatty acid is the soap factory, margarine manufacturing, and chemical industry. RO can be mixed along with certain additives to obtained margarine, shortening, and bar soap.
Palm oil products in downstream level include intermediate products. They are the oleofood such as frying oil, margarine, and shortening. Cooking oil production increased 13-20% per year during 1991 to 1995 to reach 1,502,027 tons in the last year.
Increased CPO-based frying oil production beat down the Crude Coconut Oil / CCO and copra as a cooking oil raw material. PO productivity per hectare of plantation area is generally higher than coconut oil production.
Development of frying oil in Indonesia is shown by the increased demand for CPO. Every year it tends to increase with increasing downstream industries, such as frying oil and oleochemicals. Indonesia's domestic CPO consumption needs in 1995 about 3.3 million tonnes.
Currently, PO is the most dominant alternative copra substitution compared with maize and beans. This is because cooking oil price from PO is cheaper than from copra or CO.
In Indonesia, consumed cooking oil is divided into groups as follows: 1) CO from middle or small-scale industrial, 2) refine coconut oil, this type is obtained by refining the fist type mentioned before. 3) klentik oil (javanese name), this type is made by small entrepreneurs with fresh coconut as raw materials, and has good smell but is not durable. 4) others such as corn, peanut oil, and so on. 5) from PO. 5) margarine from vegetable oils.
Palm oil products can be expanded in future to produce a commodity in the new field, including health and energy, such as health supplement rich with vitamins A and biofuels.

Related archieves:
Coconut-based industry
Copra processing from coconut
Raw materials for palm oil processing
Sunflower oil
World palm oil production

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