Wednesday, July 4, 2012

Benefits of castor oil

Benefits of castor oil is to replace diesel oil as the generate electrical power. The tree can be cultivated in almost all regions of Indonesia. So, this help people to meet the energy needs of remote areas and this power can be produced by the communities that need electricity. Research about this new commodity has been conducted by Dr. Ir Robert Manurung MEng, lecturer in the Department of Industrial Chemistry Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB), accompanied by Eiichi Kobayashi Masanori Nagayama and from New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), under the Japanese Government agency that helps the research of new energy sources. Castor oil is obtained from Jatropha curcas L. which is a bush family of Euphorbiaceae. Within five months, this drought-resistant plants is starting to bear fruit, full productive at the age of five years old, and its productive life reach 50.
In fact, a coal mining company and a Japanese manufacturer of heavy equipment operating in Indonesia have developed new business opportunities in the form of the production of fuel from castor oil. The capacity is expected about 8,000 tons per year by 2012. This natural power resources is expected to live 100 units of mining dump trucks with a capacity of 90 tonnes used in coal mines in South Kalimantan. The biodiesel from jatropha would replace 20 percent of fossil fuel use which can not be recycled. To obtain the planned capacity of 8,000 tons per annum, this requires 4,000 hectares of cultivation land.
In addition, benefits of castor oil is to improve people's welfare, especially in areas with low natural resources. If each farmer were given the right to manage three acres of dry land, with a density of 2,500 trees per hectare and the productivity of 10 000 kilograms beans per hectare and the price of IDR 500 per kilogram of seed, of a family farmer can earn IDR1.25 million per month from the beans. Castor oil can be obtained by simple direct expelling or pressing so that an investment of IDR 3-4 million is sufficient to produce 40 liters of oil per day. Unlike other biodiesel, it does not need any additional ethanol or methanol. Its use could also be 100 percent, no more diesel fuel to be mixed, said Manurung.
In terms of health, jatropha vegetable oil also has anti-microbial properties of pathogenic bacteria, which in the form of soap, it is more active soap to get rid of the bacteria S. aureus and E. coli than any other vegetable oil-based soap. According Aprilian Salis, from PT Pertamina DOH Kalimantan, if properly managed, the benefits of castor oil could reach 30 to 40 percent of total fuel consumption in Indonesia.

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